The US has shifted its position on Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank, no longer viewing them as inconsistent with international law. Israel has established more than 100 Jewish settlements in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the status of the West Bank was for Israelis and Palestinians to negotiate which Israel welcomed the move – a reversal of the US stance under President Donald Trump’s predecessor, Barack Obama.
Settlements are communities established by Israel on land occupied in the 1967 Middle East war.
There has been a long source of dispute between Israel and the international community, and the Palestinians.
“After carefully studying all sides of the legal debate,” Mr Pompeo told reporters, “the United States has concluded that “the establishment of Israeli civilian settlements in the West Bank is not, per se, inconsistent with international law”.
“Calling the establishment of civilian settlements inconsistent with international law hasn’t worked. It hasn’t advanced the cause of peace,” he added.
Chief Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat said the US decision was a risk to “global stability, security, and peace” and said it threatened to replace international law with “the law of the jungle”.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the policy shift “rights a historical wrong”, and called on other countries to do the same.
Jewish settlements controversy? What is it?
The issue of Jewish settlements is one of the most contentious between Israel and the Palestinians.
About 600,000 Jews live in about 140 settlements built since Israel’s occupation of the West Bank and East Jerusalem. The settlements are widely considered illegal under international law, though Israel has always disputed this.
The Palestinians have long called for the removal of all settlements, arguing that their presence on land they claim for a future independent Palestinian state makes it almost impossible to make such a state a reality.
Mr Pompeo said the decision would create the political space for a more likely resolution of the conflict. But that resolution is now more likely to be on Israel’s terms, since it is by far the stronger party.
Dismissing the international legal prohibitions on Jewish settlements undermines the legal framework for the peace process, including the notion of Palestinian national rights and the principle of self-determination. It will almost certainly boost the movement to expand and annex the Jewish settlements. There has already been a sharp increase in settlement planning and construction since Mr Trump took office.
Palestinians will be dismayed, although not surprised. Palestinian says the growth of Jewish settlements has essentially killed the potential for a viable two-state solution. They speak in terms of a war of position, saying that staying on the land and simply continuing their lives is a kind of non-violent resistance.