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The Many Sins Of Muhammadu Sanusi: Lack Of Constitutional Powers Of Traditional Institutions In Nigeria – Why They Are Tools In The Hands Of Politicians

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The Dethroned Emir of Kano, Muhammadu Sanusi II, one of Nigeria’s most influential Muslim traditional leaders, was removed from his throne for alleged “insubordination” to the authorities in the northern state of Kano.

Mr Sanusi, who was ex-central bank chief, has had frosty relations with Kano Governor Abdullahi Ganduje since 2017. His supporters believe he was sacked for opposing Ganduje’s re-election last year. as a reformist and having been critical of some government policies frequently put him at loggerheads with ruling politicians,

The emir was removed from the palace in the city of Kano by security forces. It is not clear where he has been taken, but by tradition he will be expected to live in exile outside the emirate for the rest of his life, it is not yet clear if this the tradition or self-imposed or by the powers that be.

Aminu Ado Bayero, the son of Mr Sanusi’s predecessor who ruled Kano for more than half a century until his death in 2014, has been chosen as the new emir by the local authorities

Traditional leaders in Nigeria hold few constitutional powers but are able to exert significant influence as they are seen as custodians of both religion and tradition.

HIS MANY SINS

The government said he was removed “in order to safeguard the sanctity, culture, tradition, religion and prestige of the Kano emirate”, accusing the emir of “total disrespect” of institutions and the governor’s office.

Since the emir and governor fell out, Sanusi has not attended state functions and official meetings, which the government said amounted to “total insubordination”.

The emir’s refusal to appear before a panel investigating allegations of corruption against him also did not go down well with the government.

He is accused of selling property and mismanaging Emirati funds but he secured a court order stopping the probe.

After last year’s election, governor Ganduje, who is a powerful figure within Nigeria’s governing All Progressives Congress (APC) party, split the Kano emirate into five and appointed four more emirs – to weaken Sanusi’s influence.

Mallam Sanusi is not shy about voicing his opinions, which some say is a break with the tradition that an emir be seen and not heard.

Last month, he said fathers who sent their children out to beg for alms should be arrested.

In the past he criticized what he described as the “ultra-conservative interpretation of Islam” in some parts of northern Nigeria that has discouraged the education of girls, family planning and other progressive policies.

 

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